The Talking Toolkit

How smallholding farmers and local governments can together adapt to climate change

Citation: Simelton E, Dam VB, Finlayson R, Lasco R. 2013. The Talking Toolkit. How smallholding farmers and local governments can together adapt to climate change. World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF), Ha Noi, Viet Nam.

Section 1: Preparatory Material

Chapter 1 Background

“Why this toolkit, who is for, and what it is about”.

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Chapter 2 What is it and who is it for?

This chapter explains more about how the toolkit can be used and gives some tips for selecting survey sites.

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Chapter 3 Before you start
This chapter brings up what preparations are needed before going out to meet the focus groups. How do you engage the villagers? What kinds of information should you look for?

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Chapter 4 What do climate-change terms mean?

Do you find the climate change vocabulary difficult? This chapter tries to explain some of the common terms in a little bit less scientific way.

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Chapter 5 Example of a plan for using the tools with discussion groups

This chapter takes you through the preparations and the roles and responsibilities of the team leader and facilitators

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Chapter 6 Running a focus-group discussion

This chapter goes through how to start the focus group discussion, continue and wrap it up

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Chapter 7 The list of participants

A table to fill in participants in the different groups

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Section 2: The Tools

Chapter 8 Tool 1: The Village Map

This tool is used when there are no maps of the village available or if you want to redraw an existing one in order to be better understand the village.

The purpose of the Base Map tool is to produce a common point of reference for participants and the facilitator. For example, it can be used for pointing out the location of common natural hazards (see Tool 3 and Tool 4). This map will form the basis for risk mapping, the participatory scenarios and land-use plans.

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Chapter 9 Tool 2: Problem tree of factors that limit farming activities and livelihoods

To understand the impact of climate, weather and other stresses on farmers’ livelihoods

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Chapter 10 Tool 3: Timeline of village history and hazards

A village history that highlights key natural hazards and their impacts in order to better understand vulnerability to extreme events and climate change.

The Village History and Hazard Timeline provides the basic details needed for the completion of Tool 4 and Tool 5, which deal with how, where and when hazards and exposures affect a village. The Timeline is probably best carried out in tandem with Tool 4, Mapping Village Hazards. If you use only one village map, it's possible to split the work between two groups: one group can create the Timeline while the other group completes maps village hazard

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Chapter 11 Tool 4: Village hazards map

Identification of areas of high exposure to natural hazards and impacts.

It presents the geography of exposure. Understanding the association between particular impacts and particular types of terrain and land use helps to identify key areas for action in future land-use planning.

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Chapter 12 Tool 5: List of exposure to extreme weather events

Identification of exposures to extreme weather events and when they most commonly occur.

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Chapter 13 Tool 6: Calendar of climate and farming

This tool creates a climate and farming calendar for 'normal', 'dry' and 'wet' years.

It provides a visualization of the range of variability in the current climate. Taking this into account, it also provides a flexible farming calendar.

The tool should help the transition of the focus-group discussions from extreme weather events and the resulting hazards towards longer-term climatic patterns and participants’ perceptions of climate change

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Chapter 14 Tool 7: Table of perceptions of changes in climate and weather patterns

To understand how farmers perceive climatic changes and changes in weather patterns.read more

Chapter 15 Tool 8: Table of strategies for coping and adaptation

Documentation of the strategies that farmers use to reduce their vulnerability to extreme events.read more

Chapter 16 Tool 9: List of losses: vulnerability and support mechanisms

To clarify farmers' perceptions of weather and climate in relation to their choices of farming system.

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Chapter 17 Tool 10: Ranking suitable trees

To create an inventory of locally appropriate farming systems so that farmers can choose to diversify with crops and products that are less vulnerable to extreme weather.

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